Ground Source Heat Pumps (GSHP) are a more environmentally friendly alternative to a conventional gas or oil powered boiler. The heat pump works by sourcing heat from a source with a constant temperature such as soils, rocks or groundwater.
The ambient temperature below ground (once below the permafrost) remains constant and provides the ideal environment for a GSHP to function.
Geothermal Drilling can be used to facilitate the instalation of the GSHP styem.
Alternative methods include horizontal installations via Geothermal Trenching, and installations into neighbouring lakes or rivers, however the later is generally not as common as most users do not have use of or own their own lake adjacent to their property
Some models of GSHP offer both heating and cooling options.